The lute’s cultural impact throughout the Dutch Golden Age can be compared to that of the piano in the 19th century. Some of the greatest work, from the brushes of such painters as Frans Hals, Jan Steen, and Johannes Vermeer, were painted for these markets, but the greatest of Dutch painters, Rembrandt van Rijn, broke through the boundaries of the group portrait to create works with his own extraordinary mood and inward meaning. Mass conversion to Calvinism had been confined mainly to the earlier decades of the Eighty Years’ War, when Roman Catholics still frequently bore the burden of their preference for the rule of the Catholic monarchs in the southern Netherlands. There were also other sects emphasizing mystical experiences or rationalist theologies, notably the Collegiants among the latter. Group portraits of regents and other influential citizens adorned town halls and charitable establishments, while still lifes and anecdotal paintings of popular life hung in profusion in private homes. Theorists such as the Gouda official Vrancken in the days of the foundation of the republic and Grotius in the early 17th century portrayed the republic as essentially unchanged since the early Middle Ages or even since antiquity—a country where sovereignty resided in provincial and town assemblies, which had partly lost their control to counts and kings before regaining it in the revolt against Philip II. The 17th century, also known as the Dutch Golden Age, laid the foundation for the Netherlands as we know it today. Although the East India fleets that returned annually with cargoes of spices and other valuables provided huge profits for the shareholders, the East India trade of the 17th and 18th centuries never provided more than a modest fraction of Dutch earnings from European trade. Discover Delft, home of Vermeer and William of Orange, of Delft Blue pottery, and Golden Age art. The debate involved the issue not so much of centralization versus provincialism as where the leadership of the republic properly lay, whether in the house of Orange or in the province of Holland and notably its greatest city, Amsterdam. Only in the latter part of the century did Dutch historians begin to express a sense that political grandeur might be transient. See masterpieces in beautiful museums, visit the manors and monuments, stroll along picturesque canals and admire beautiful harbors, along which the stepped gables and impressive warehouses from the 17th century still stand. The Storm on the Sea of Galilee is a painting from 1633 by the Dutch Golden Age painter Rembrandt van Rijn, depicting the miracle of Jesus calming the storm on the Sea of Galilee, as depicted in the fourth … The farmers, producing chiefly cash crops, prospered in a country that needed large amounts of food and raw materials for its urban (and seagoing) population. The history of the Dutch Golden Age can be found all over cities along the route, from Middelburg in the south to Hoorn and Enkhuizen in the north of the Netherlands. The Dutch East India Company, like its rival English counterpart, was a trading company granted quasi-sovereign powers in the lands under its dominion. The Dutch Golden Age was a period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the era from 1581 to 1672, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world. Calvinist Protestantism became the officially recognized religion of the country, politically favoured and economically supported by government. The sea was one of the most popular themes presented as the mysteriou… The first section is characterized by the Eighty Years' War, which ended in 1648. It is named after the Dutch artist, Frans Hals (ca. Indeed, no clear pattern can be detected of religious affiliation affecting the growth of the Dutch business community; if anything, it was the official Dutch Reformed Church that fulminated most angrily against capitalist attitudes and practices, while the merely tolerated faiths often saw their adherents, to whom economic but not political careers were open, prospering and even amassing fortunes. Dutch, c.1562 - 1640. These developments were spurred on by forward-thinking authorities that implemented policies in The Hague, the new center of power in Golden Age Holland. The goods that returned from Asia and Africa captivated the European market, such as the iconic blue and white pottery that was then famously reproduced in Golden Age Delft. Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft, detail of an oil painting by Joachim von Sandrart, 1641; in the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam. Das Goldene Zeitalter (niederländisch de Gouden Eeuw) bezeichnet in der Geschichte der Niederlande eine rund einhundert Jahre andauernde wirtschaftliche und kulturelle Blütezeit, die ungefähr das 17. Explore the Golden Age in Amsterdam, when world trade, incredible wealth and famous art converged. The Dutch Golden Age in the 17th century saw Amsterdam emerge as one of the world’s most important centers of trade. Haarlem in the Dutch Golden Age: Reyer Claesz Suycker, View of Haarlem, ca.