[249][250], The Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC) announced it would be the largest single event they had paid out for, with an estimated 7,500 injury claims costing over $200 million. [262] The damage on a community can lead members to engage in pro-social behaviors[262] which are driven by empathy and desire to support others who have endured a similar traumatizing experience. [60], The four-storey Pyne Gould Guinness (PGC) House[61] on Cambridge Terrace, headquarters of Pyne Gould Corporation, collapsed, with 18 casualties. Christchurch Hospital was evacuated due to damage in some areas, but soon reopened to treat the injured. [49] In the central city, two buses were crushed by falling buildings. [101], Twelve streets in Redcliffs were evacuated on the night of 24 February 2015 after some cliffs and hills surrounding Redcliffs were deemed unstable. [187], Pope Benedict XVI issued an announcement on the earthquake in a statement during his Wednesday audience on 23 February, stating that he was praying for the dead and the injured victims of the devastating earthquake, and encouraging those involved in the rescue efforts. [48] A number of cars were crushed by falling debris. [93][94], Landslides occurred in Sumner, crushing buildings. Researching the mental health effects of earthquakes and other disasters is important so communities can heal properly after experiencing a traumatic event. Rhodes, B., & Becker, L. (2013). [171] The "Rangiora Earthquake Express" provided over 250 tonnes of water, medical supplies, and food, including hot meals, from nearby Rangiora by helicopter and truck. [98] The Shag Rock, a notable landmark, was reduced to half of its former height. [156], Australia's foreign minister Kevin Rudd told Sky News that New Zealand's Foreign Affairs Minister Murray McCully had asked for further help from Australia. Some government departments and church groups provided grants and assistance. [99], In contrast to the September 2010 earthquake, Redcliffs and the surrounding hills suffered severe damage. [88], On 7 March, Prime Minister John Key said that around 10,000 houses would need to be demolished, and liquefaction damage meant that some parts of Christchurch could not be rebuilt on. "[186], Barack Obama, President of the United States, issued a statement from the White House Press Office on the disaster by way of an official announcement that "On behalf of the American people, Michelle and I extend our deepest condolences to the people of New Zealand and to the families and friends of the victims in Christchurch, which has suffered its second major earthquake in just six months... As our New Zealand friends move forward, may they find some comfort and strength in knowing that they will have the enduring friendship and support of many partners around the world, including the United States." Marian College did not return to the original site in Shirley but instead moved to a site at Cathedral College on Barbadoes Street. [95][96] Parts of Sumner were evacuated during the night of 22 February after cracks were noticed on a nearby hillside. Started filming a minute or so after the big one struck. See wikipedia:2011 Canterbury earthquake for details and news. The station collapsed on 13 June 2011 after a magnitude 6.0 aftershock. Christchurch Mayor Bob Parker and Canterbury Police District Commander Superintendent Dave Cliff during a media conference about the June 13 aftershocks. [236] Much of the NZ$90 million cost of the 2011 census was written off. [159], The 66 kV subtransmission cables supplying Dallington and New Brighton zone substations from Transpower's Bromley substation were damaged beyond repair, which necessitated the erection of temporary 66 kV overhead lines from Bromley to Dallington and Bromley to New Brighton to get power into the eastern suburbs. The earthquake generated a significant series of its own aftershocks. Royal Society of New Zealand. [7] Fire-fighting and recovery operations resumed that night,[58] later joined by a Japanese search and rescue squad. [204] While emergency repairs were performed on damaged houses by Fletcher Construction, rebuilding would be delayed by the need for full land assessments, with the possibility that some of the worst-affected areas in the eastern suburbs might need to be abandoned due to land depression and severe liquefaction, with the residents offered relocation to new subdivisions under their EQC insurance policies. [26] The central business district (CBD) experienced PGAs in the range of 0.574 and 0.802 g.[27] As a comparison, the 7.0 Mw 2010 Haiti earthquake had an estimated PGA of 0.5g. [200] The Royal Commission made a total of 189 recommendations and found that the Canterbury Television building should not have been granted a building permit by the Christchurch City Council. Prospective predictors of short-term adjustment after the Canterbury earthquakes: Personality and depression. In April 2013 the Government estimated the total cost of the rebuild would be as much as $40 billion, up from an earlier estimate of $30 billion. Home. Christchurch earthquake may refer to a number of earthquakes that affected Christchurch, New Zealand. (This is 23:51 21 February UTC). The June 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a shallow magnitude 6.3 M L earthquake that occurred on 13 June 2011 at 14:20 NZST (02:20 UTC).It was centred at a depth of 6 km (3.8 mi), about 10 km (6 mi) from Christchurch, which had previously been devastated by another magnitude 6.3 M L earthquake in February 2011. in February 2011. [162], Thousands of people helped with the clean-up efforts—involving the removal of over 200,000 tonnes of liquefaction silt—including Canterbury University's Student Volunteer Army which was created in response to the earthquake that September and the Federated Farmers' "Farmy Army". [260][261][262] Self-report can introduce bias to results, leading to skewed data. The station collapsed on 13 June 2011 after a magnitude 6.0 aftershock. [136] On 1 March, it was announced that the New South Wales Government would be donating A$1 million (NZ$1.3 million[175]) to the victims of the Christchurch earthquake. The 21-storey PricewaterhouseCoopers building, the city's tallest office tower, was among the office buildings to be later demolished. At 1pm on 13th June 2011, another large earthquake registering 5.5 on the Richter Scale hit Christchurch City and the surrounding Canterbury region of New Zealand. [197] Australia's official delegation included Governor-General Quentin Bryce, Prime Minister Julia Gillard, and Opposition Leader Tony Abbott.[198]. [253], A KPMG survey in March 2013 suggested as much as $1.5 billion could be sucked from the rebuild in fraud. They took into account a technical investigation undertaken by the Department of Building and Housing. [247][248], Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee echoed that fewer claims were expected through the EQC than for 2010. [255], The Christchurch earthquake of 2011 had widespread mental health effects on the population. [69] Since 15 August 2013 the cathedral congregation has worshipped at the Cardboard Cathedral. The earthquake … The earthquake was felt across the South Island and parts of the lower and central North Island. Kuijer, R.G., Marshall, E.M., & Bishop, A.N. Water and wastewater services were disrupted throughout the city, with authorities urging residents to conserve water and collect rainwater. My apartment is 6 floors up. [207] All courses expected to resume by 28 March, with plans for the April break to be shortened by two weeks to make up for lost time. [196] New Zealand's governor-general, Sir Anand Satyanand, attended, along with John Key, Bob Parker, and a number of local and international dignitaries. The International Rugby Board and the New Zealand Rugby World Cup organisers announced in March 2011 that the city would be unable to host the World Cup matches. [256][257][260] It is predicted that the people who are displaced experience the worst of the damage, and therefore the reported levels of PTSD and depression are often lower than they would have been had the displaced citizens been available to collect data from. Most Cantabrians were away from their homes when the 6.3-magnitude earthquake struck at 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011. Last edited on 27 November 2020, at 08:05, Canterbury earthquake of 4 September 2010, List of tallest buildings in Christchurch, St Paul's-Trinity-Pacific Presbyterian Church, International Charter on Space and Major Disasters, Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 2, Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011, The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission, UC CEISMIC Canterbury Earthquakes Digital Archive, List of disasters in New Zealand by death toll, "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Technical", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Story", "Ice breaks off glacier after Christchurch quake", "List of deceased – Christchurch earthquake", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Details", "M 6.1 – South Island of New Zealand: Regional information", "Factors combined to intensify Chch quake", "New Zealand hit by strong quake, 65 dead", "Deadly quake could be sign of more to come", "Christchurch earthquake: Rockfall threat still strong, say experts", "Christchurch quake press conference Monday morning", "Christchurch Earthquake – an overview", "The Christchurch Feb 22nd Earthquake: A Personal Report", "New Zealand quake raises questions about L.A. buildings", "Second Christchurch fault much better behaved", "Christchurch earthquake: Wrecker's tip for leaning tower", "Christchurch earthquake: Radar points to rupturing of single fault", "Port Hills half a metre taller after Christchurch earthquake", "22 February 2011 – Christchurch badly damaged by magnitude 6.3 earthquake", "Christchurch earthquake: Deadly tremors rebounded on city", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Apr 16 2011 at 5:49 pm (NZST)", "Damage assessed after 'violent' 5.3 aftershock hits Christchurch", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Jun 13 2011 at 1:01 pm (NZST)", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Technical", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Details", "Workmen unscathed as Timeball Station collapses", "Canterbury Earthquake: Fire Service struggling to cope with rescue effort", "Canterbury Earthquake: Main roads to Christchurch open", "Christchurch quake: 'Dead bodies lying around, "New Zealand earthquake: 65 dead in Christchurch", "Christchurch quake: 'Buildings just piled on top of people, "How will we rebuild our shattered city? Each individual can react differently to traumatic events, and more research needs to be done to learn how to predict vulnerability and access the effects to find solutions that work best. Positive effects, such as a greater sense of community connection, can aide in helping the community heal as a whole. Approximately 450 fully serviced mobile homes would be located on sites across the city including Canterbury Agricultural Park and Riccarton Racecourse. [256][257][258][259][260][261] Research following the Christchurch earthquakes has shown that increasing exposure to the damage and trauma of a natural disaster is correlated with an increase in depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It was the middle of a working day and many people were at school or work, having lunch or running errands. On 22 February 2011, a 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch shortly before 12:50pm at a shallow depth of four kilometres. [229] The team's round three match against the Northern Mystics in Auckland was postponed,[229] while their round four home match against the Waikato Bay of Plenty Magic was moved to the Energy Events Centre in Rotorua. [52] On 28 February 2011, the Prime Minister announced that there would be an inquiry into the collapse of buildings that had been signed off as safe after the previous earthquake on 4 September 2010, "to provide answers to people about why so many people lost their lives. [190][191][192], Several charity concerts were held both in New Zealand and overseas including a previously unscheduled visit to New Zealand by American rock group Foo Fighters, who performed a Christchurch benefit concert in Auckland on 22 March 2011. [231][232] The Canterbury Rugby League cancelled their pre-season competition. The earthquake epicentre was near Lyttelton, just 10 kilometres south-east of Christchurch’s central [56], The six-storey Canterbury Television (CTV) building collapsed in the earthquake, leaving only its lift shaft standing, which caught fire. [46] Soil liquefaction and surface flooding also occurred. [246], EQC cover for domestic premises entitles the holder to up to NZ$100,000 plus tax (GST) for each dwelling, with any further amount above that being paid by the policyholder's insurance company. One P-3 Orion was deployed in the initial stages of the disaster to provide images and photographs of the city. The EQC again covers all amounts above NZ$4 billion. [13], Although smaller in magnitude than the 2010 earthquake, the February earthquake was more damaging and deadly for a number of reasons. [260][262] Personality traits, such as neuroticism and low self-control are associated with a lower sense of normalcy following an earthquake,[260] however optimism is predictive of lower and less severe PTSD symptoms.[260]. 185 people from more than 20 countries died in the earthquake. A Mw6.2 (ML6.3) earthquake occurred in Christchurch on Tuesday 22 February 2011[2] at 12:51 p.m. local time[9] (23:51 UTC, 21 February). [256][260][262] Those that exhibit lower mental health prior to an earthquake will be more likely to experience negative life changes than positive life changes with regard to personal strength. [252], In January 2013 Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee said repairs to damaged homes to date had totalled more than $1 billion. The surrounding districts, Selwyn and Waimakariri, have two of the three highest growth rates in New Zealand, at 2.2% and 1.6%, respectively. [106], KiwiRail reported that the TranzAlpine service was terminating at Greymouth and the TranzCoastal terminating at Picton. It has treated over 220 serious injuries so far, even though sometimes they were working by torchlight. "Christchurch earthquake" redirects here. [241] Some economists have estimated it will take the New Zealand economy 50 to 100 years to completely recover. "[19], While both the 2010 and 2011 earthquakes occurred on "blind" or unknown faults, New Zealand's Earthquake Commission had, in a 1991 report, predicted moderate earthquakes in Canterbury with the likelihood of associated liquefaction. [55] As of February 2015, there had been 1240 demolitions within the four avenues since the September 2010 earthquakes. Researchers are unable to reliably compare an individual's mental health status to their health status previous to the trauma because they must rely on retrospective self-report. Thought the building was coming down. The population loss caused by the earthquake reversed this, with the Wellington main urban area back in second position. Posttraumatic stress symptoms in Police Staff 12–18 months after the Canterbury earthquakes. Many heritage buildings were given red stickers after inspections. The earthquake was followed by several smaller shocks, and then at 2:20pm a huge 6.3 earthquake rocked Christchurch City. More than 361 aftershocks occurred in the first week following the 6.3-magnitude earthquake. 2011) and the preliminary result for the M w 6.0 June aftershock (Beavan, pers. Evidence from research on the Christchurch earthquakes reveals that increased trauma exposure is not exclusively correlated with negative outcomes. Web. It is the third time the census has been cancelled in New Zealand; the other occasions occurred in 1931, due to the Great Depression, and in 1941 due to World War II. It will be important to have information on a wide variety of demographic groups because the same mental health treatment will not help all of those affected by a trauma. [102], Redcliffs Primary School, then located at 140 Main Road, right under the cliffs, was moved to Van Asch Deaf Education Centre, 4.5 km from the main site soon afterwards. [254], In March 2013 a researcher at the University of Canterbury said after the quake, residents – particularly women – turned to comfort food and began eating unhealthily. Marshall, E.M., Frazier, P., Frankfurt, S., & Kuijer, R.G. [14][15] The peak ground acceleration (PGA) was extremely high, and simultaneous vertical and horizontal ground movement was "almost impossible" for buildings to survive intact. [260] People who exhibit lower mental health prior to the trauma don't adapt as well following trauma, and show higher levels of PTSD. [238], In October 2008, the population of the Christchurch main urban area, as defined by Statistics New Zealand, had for the first time exceeded the Wellington equivalent (at 386,100 versus 386,000), which made Christchurch the second largest city in New Zealand (after Auckland). 1.8 times the acceleration of gravity),[22] with the highest recording 2.2g, at Heathcote Valley Primary School,[3] a shaking intensity equivalent to MM X+. By Phuong Anh (Anya) Ngo Citations June 2011 Christchurch Earthquake By Phuong Anh (Anya) Ngo Websites: USGS, and GeoNet. [47] The TranzAlpine was cancelled until 4 March, to allow for personnel resources to be transferred to repairing track and related infrastructure, and moving essential freight into Christchurch, while the TranzCoastal has been cancelled until mid-August. ... We will be doing everything we can to work with our New Zealand family, with Prime Minister Key and his emergency services personnel, his military officers, his medical people, his search and rescue teams. [79], The historic Canterbury Provincial Council Buildings were severely damaged, with the Stone Chamber completely collapsing.[14][80]. [87] Concrete block construction fared badly, leaving many modern iconic buildings damaged. [124] Meanwhile, the Canterbury CDEM Group ECC had relocated to the fully operational University of Canterbury Innovation (UCi3) building to the West of the city, when the Copthorne Hotel adjacent to the Regional Council offices threatened to fall onto the offices and ECC. [107] KiwiRail also delayed 14 March departure of its Interislander ferry Aratere to Singapore for a 30-metre (98 ft) extension and refit prior to the 2011 Rugby World Cup. It was about 5 km underground. Canada is standing by to offer any possible assistance to New Zealand in responding to this natural disaster. Though the government supplied money for those who were fired, businesses that needed re … According to GNS Scienceseismologists, the energy released in Christchurch was equivalent to … [258][262] Those with relatively high exposure to earthquake damage show an increase in positive effects, including an increase in personal strength, growth in social relationships, the bringing of families closer, and realizing what's important in life. The reaction to the statement sent the New Zealand dollar down. [140] The team left New Zealand earlier than planned due to the 9.0 earthquake which struck Japan on 11 March 2011. [206], Canterbury University partially reopened on 14 March 2011, with many lectures held in tents and marquees while work was carried out on university buildings. 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