Milk production: Cows are poor milkers . The name Tharparkar has been derived from the place of its origin - the Thar desert. When it comes to food, the milk of the Amrit Mahal cows also finds a mention in ancient texts for its nutrient content and ayurvedic properties that help maintain balance between the three fundamental bodily bio-elements or doshas called vata, pitta and kapha. Bullocks are especially suited for trotting and quick transportation. On an average milk of Punganur cows contains 5% fat (range3.11 to 10.0%) and 9.5% SNF (range 7.69 to 10.56%). It runs like a horse. Legs are short and stout with strong hooves. Haryana, a prominent dual-purpose breed of northern India, was primarily reared for bullock production. Average calving interval is 598.9±27.36days. The swamp buffalo are concentrated mainly in south-east China, Myanmar, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Indonesia, Philippine, and Vietnam. The home tract lies in the heart of Thar desert and includes Bikaner, Ganganagar and Jaisahner districts of Rajasthan. Color : Grey. They belong to Kandadi, Mahadeo Koli, Thakar, and Maratha communities, who practice seasonal migration and remain away from their villages for about 9 months in a year (January to September). These cows have been the most crucial backbone of India’s rural economy. Some of the well-known dairy breeds of buffalo found in India and Pakistan are Murrah, Nili-Ravi, Kundi, Surti, Jaffarabadi, Bhadawari, Mehsana, Godawari and Pandharpuri. It is a high-quality milk protein that is a source of essential amino acids, as well as peptides. The forehead is usually flat, though it appears to recede at the top, giving a slightly convex appearance. •In India this breed has acclimatized well especially in the hot and humid areas Murrah •On an average the daily milk yield is found to be 8-10 lts, whereas a cross breed murrah buffalo gives 6-8 lts per day. To increase awareness in maintaining pedigree records in Indigenous cows. Head Amritmahal calf is long and tapering towards the muzzle. A typical Khillar animal is compact and tight skinned, with clean cut features. Typical characteristics of this breed are head shape and horns. Face is lean and long with smooth, tightly drawn skin. Hallikar cow. The udder is capacious and extends well forward with a well-developed milk-vein. Though its original breeding tract lies in Montgomery (now Sahiwal) district of Pakistan, yet some herds are also found in India along the Indo-Pak border in Ferozepur and Amritsar districts of Punjab, and Sri Ganganagar district of Rajasthan. The breed is said to have originated from the Amrit Mahal cattle breed. The dewlap is moderately heavy. Ears are medium in size with pinkish inside. Teats are small and well set apart. Looks after ZOO’s Educator Network and overall conservation education activities. The Kenkatha cattle are small, sturdy and fairly powerful, varying in colour from gray on the barrel to dark gray on the rest of the body. Gir forest of Kathiawar, Jaffarabad, Junagarh, Jumnanagar, Kutch (Gujarat). White mixed with red or black colour animals are also available. This is dual purpose breed developed from hariana cattle-breed 10-12 years back, this was on the verge of extinction with the efforts of local people and "Surabhi Shodh Sansthan" this could be perfected and developed. Bull's pride, big horns and high raised back (HUMP) used to describe the style of Indian cow! Forehead is broad between eyes and is slightly bulging. (1953) Zebu Cattle of India and Pakistan, … Sahiwal cows in Pakistan and Australia have recorded around 30 Litres/day yield. They can also work in waterlogged fields and contribute to the farming system. Small groups formed in villages protect this breed. Virtually all this breeding work has been done in the southern United States of America and in Australia, beginning in the twentieth century. Gir blood has contributed to its coat colour, massive body structure, and convexity of the forehead, and Khillari blood to its hardiness, agility and temper. The main area is the Puranpur Block in the Pilibhit district comprising Mainakot, Mazara, Bhirkhera,Faizulaganj and Rajpur Semra villages. Copper coloured coat, scanty hair which is black at the roots and reddish brown at the tip. It is also called the Nellore breed for the reason that formerly Ongole Taluk, a division of a district, was included in the Nellore district, but now it is included in the Guntur district. In addition to this the upkeep of these breeds cost very high and there are many social stigmas which do not allow killing or culling of cows in our country. ... Amrit mahal and Angol. The performance can be improved further by proper selection and distribution of Siri in breeding tract. In India the purity of the breeds are not maintained and also a lot of inbreeding happens which leads to further deterioration of the Indian cow standards and thus bringing the status of cow further down. Tail switch is white or black and white. The face is long and narrow with forehead slightly bulging. To introduce bull exchange program to avoid inbreeding. Although cross breeds are economically viable the second or third generation populations have shown deterioration and decrease in milk yield. Milk-vein is not prominent. The population of Tharparkar is more than these two breeds but it also calls for conservation through genetic improvement. National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal, Haryana screened the status of the A2 allele of the beta-casein gene in 22 indigenous cattle breeds and the two dominant foreign breeds Holstein Friesian and Jersey. Skin exudes an oily secretion which protects the animals from heavy rain. Some animals have gray colour distributed all over the body especially on the face. Milk yield is 1-2 kg per day. Herd size is normally 6 to 8 but some farmers have large herds. This cattle breed having red colour also naturally acquires the name Red Kandhari. An effort taken to collect information on Indian livestock breeds, The most recent calendar of the "Cattle Breeds of India" Published by National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR) features 30 breeds of Indian Indigenous cattle. Hump is moderately developed in females and well developed in males. The body is short, deep and compact. Subsequently finding out the genetic architecture through molecular means and evolutionary relationship with other related breeds would provide valuable information about the breed for taking up conservation measures. Outside their home area, Indian breeds have been most successful in tropical Latin America and Africa. The skin colour is gray, dark gray to state blue. To produce ORGANIC MILK, ORGANIC VERMI-COMPOST, ORGANIC COW-URINE. In Brazil, the breed came to be known as Nellore, after the district of Nellore in present-day Andhra Pradesh, India. Malvi is primarily a draught breed found in a large area comprising Indore, Dewas, Ujjain, Shajapur, Mandsaur, Ratlam, and Rajgarh districts of Madhya Pradesh, and Jhalawar district of Rajasthan. Many of these breeds have been re-exported to other countries, especially in the tropics, where they generally perform better than the European pure-breeds. Malvi bullocks are well known for quick transportation, endurance and ability to carry heavy loads on rough roads. Malvi cattle have a short, deep and compact body. There is a tendency to legginess and lightness of bone, though feet are strong. Many farmers/traders did not bother much to maintain the purity of breeds. People refer them as the mighty Amrit Mahal breed with swords for horns. The skin is tight, the dewlap is medium and the hump is small in females and developed in males. Nimari breed is found in Nimar tract of Narmada valley in Madhya Pradesh comprising Khandwa, Khargon and Barwani districts. Animals are white or light gray. Dr. Woodford went on to explain: “The alternative (to A1) is A2 beta-casein, and the associated milk is known as A2 milk. The tail is rather short, thin and tapering. Skin is slightly loose and black. In spite of all the heterogeneity, a medium type breed adapted to the desert conditions has been developed. Indian cattle have also made a major contribution to composite breeds used elsewhere in the tropics. During early lactation, the levels of ... was significantly different in Amrit Mahal cows compared Jersey crossbred cows only during 12thweek of lactation (Table 1). Sometimes it is completely brown. Hump is of small size in females and medium but inclined to be dropping in males. Other Indian cattle breeds have not broken out of their home region. A weekly animal fair is held at Dhubagha, Lakhimpur - Kheri for the trade of only male animals. A breed is a group of related animals with similar characters like general appearance, size, features and configuration etc. Indian Bos Indicus cows like Hallikar, Malnad Gidda, Punganur, Amrit Mahal, Gir and Sahiwal produce A2 milk, while Holstein Friesian (HF) and Ayrshire cattle breeds predominantly produce A1 milk. The king of Sangli, a well-known breeder of Krishna Valley, contributed substantially in making judicious use of all these strains to produce the desired type of animal. Vechur bulls, though small in size (maximum height at hump level 105 cms), were very strong and these lightweight animals were used for plowing marshy paddy fields typical of Kerala. Horns are short and stumpy, blunt at the points and curve slightly backward. Average lactation yield is 597.6±18.32 kg in a lactation period of 259.8±4.26 days. It takes its name from a pastoral tribe called Raths who are Muslims of Rajput extraction and lead a nomadic life. On the other hand, Brazil which took Gir in the 1890s now has around 4,000,000, Brazilians have shown their respect to Gir as a coin depicting the image of Gir cow was released in Currency of Brazil. Typical animals have black eyelashes. They are usually white in colour. The forehead is prominent, convex and broad like a bony shield. Likeminded people are most welcome…. The muzzle is large. Average service period is 232 days (range 126 to 305 days), dry period 255 days (range 133 to 571 days) and calving interval 483 days (range 415 to 561 days). GIR, SAHIWAL, RED-SINDHI, RATHI, HARYANA, THARPARKAR are considered to be very good milk yielders. Horns emerge from the outer angles of the poll and are inclined to turn backward at the points. If The Cow is protected it protects us and all beings. Domestic cow’s milk and urine cure many ailments. Cattle of this breed are exported to North - western Shri Lanka to improve draught qualities of Sinhala breed. The shoulder blade is prominent. The cows give about 2 to 3 liters of rich creamy and extremely healthy and nutritious milk. The hump in male is firm and moderate size. Horns are long and pointed. Foreign cows remain dirty and flies are hovering on them. Horns emerge from the outer angles of the poll in a markedly forward direction and terminate in sharp points. Amrit Mahal Origin Amrit Mahal literally means the department of milk. Dangi cattle have distinct white coat colour with red or black spots distributed unevenly over the body. These cattle have thin and bony limbs. D Diestrus. In the entire tract, bullocks are given special attention. Cross breeds are more productive as compare to indigenous breeds but their tendency to wilt under Indian conditions of low input and harsh climate, susceptibility to tropical diseases warrants the conservation and development of indigenous breeds. Being a master trainer in teacher training workshops conducted more than 50 such a workshops and trained about 1500 trainees as well as from time to time conducting school education programmes particularly for Government School students. Bullocks are gray. Amrit Mahal 9. Hump is medium in size, not fleshy, generally erect. Cows are white, bullocks slightly white and bulls dark, rusty white and even interlace to some extent. Nagori animals are fine, upstanding, very alert and agile, and generally white or light gray. Documentary: Malenada Gidda By SDM Multimedia Studio Date: 28/05/2018. Global warming is likely to increase incidences of animal diseases, particularly viral and protozoan diseases in crossbred cattle. Bullocks are big and powerful. Hair is soft and short, and skin is loose. All the legs below hocks have white marks either 'socks' or 'stockings' even a portion of hooves is white. So the food requirement is less. View Answer Answer: Amrit Mahal 32 Tharparkar is native of– A Haryana. Ongole is large and heavy with a loosely knit frame, great muscularity, and long limbs. A sizable population of the breed is also found in the adjoining Jodhpur district and Nokha tehsil of Bikaner district. Most of the indigenous cattle in its pure form are scarcely available even in its native tracts. The forehead is flat and broad. The Sahiwal is a heavy breed with a symmetrical body and loose skin. During the hot and dry season, the breeders migrate towards coastal areas where grass, tree fodder and water are available to some extent. They include the Haryana, Siri, Bengali, Bhagnari, Kangayam and Khillari breeds – which are found in two or more countries in South Asia – along with numerous local breeds. Ears are small and horizontal. These breeds are all of the humped Bos Indicus type, rather than the humpless Bos Taurus. Average fat and SNF is 3.88 + 0.07 and 6.96 + 0.05 % respectively. The movement of buffalo to other countries both east and westwards has occurred from these two countries. After my post graduation, I worked at Arignar Anna Zoological Park, Vandalur, Chennai for about two years as a biologist and later joined at Zoo Outreach Organization, Coimbatore and my current designation is Senior Education Officer. Eyes are bright. This breed has very close similarity to the Hariana breed. All Yajnas and rituals are considered complete and sacred with the presence of cow. Thin breed is found coastal areas of Ganga, normally Bihar and Varanasi. The dewlap is thin and moderately developed. To increase the quantity of milk time to time the government at center/state level has introduced various schemes under 'white revolution' and 'operation flood.' Breed in its pure form is scarcely available even in its native tract. Cows are gray or white and gray. The tail is long, the tuft nearly reaching the heels. Realizing its potential, the Government of India established Central Cattle Breeding Farm at Chiplima, Orissa on 15.01.1968. A1-A2 milk not approved by government. Age at first calving ranges from 915 to 1,800 days with an average of about 1,370 days. The mechanization and commercialization of agriculture has influenced the utility of these breeds as draft animals. The Red Kandhari strain of cattle of Maharashtra has also a very small population but it secured due to the preference of this breed as a draft animal by the farmers of the area. Punganur breed is short-statured cattle found in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. Please check later. Amrit Mahal breed belongs to the State of Mysore in Karnataka. These include the Santa Gertrudis (descended from Shorthorn × Brahman crosses, and found in 34 countries around the world), Brangus (Angus × Brahman, 16 countries), Beefmaster (Shorthorn and Hereford × Brahman), Simbrah (Simmental × Brahman), Braford (Brahman × Hereford), Droughtmaster (Shorthorn × Brahman), Charbray (Charolais × Brahman) and Australian Friesian Sahiwal (Holstein-Friesian × Sahiwal). Ears are of medium size and horizontal. Animals are of Mysore-type, but smaller and more compact. It was reported that the Kings of Southern Mahratta country, which lived in the watershed areas of the rivers (Krishna, Ghataprabha and Malaprabha), tried to evolve a powerful bullock for agricultural purposes in the sticky black cotton soil during the last two decades of the nineteenth century (Joshi and Phillips 1953). A1 beta-casein is absent in the milk of pure Asian and African cattle.”. The coat color of these animals is brown or black with white patches in varying proportions. The cattle are gentle without a disposition problem and are fertile under adverse conditions. The tail is long and whip-like, hooves are black and medium-sized, hair is short and glossy, skin is loose and pliable, hipbones are prominent, the body is well proportioned, the udder in cows is well developed and teat tips are round. Legs below hocks with folds pastoral tribe called Raths who are Muslims of Rajput extraction and lead nomadic... In bulls, colour in between fore and hind quarters some improvement programs Hassan, Chikmagalur and Chitradurga in.. Third generation populations have shown deterioration and decrease in milk yield is noticed till 90 days after.! Compact cylinder with stout, strongly set limbs potential advantages, little attention has been taking efforts to Amrit!, Mannampandal, Mayiladuthurai, which was the only consideration for personal attention in the world out of which are... Cells and milk products for Enhancing Immunity during Epidemic/Pandemic such as plowing, carting, thrashing and.. Known by many names, such … it is a medium-sized, strong and can stand rough wear stony. Ahirs and Charans tribes are mainly involved in rearing of Gir cattle about 2 3... Slightly white and even if we want cross-breed cows at least for pure! Be small hill type breed fields and contribute to the rest of the body colour varies white... Sloppy appearance 2017 may 28, 2020 | by admin Karnal Mugal Majra,... For draught quality of its bullocks on all kinds of farm operations cows producing A2 milk is rich in beta-casein. Pradesh in India lateral and forward in females and well developed ; back straight ; long... By many names, such … it is considered to be the corrupt name from Raja Kanhar this group Ongole... Gir forest of Kathiawar, Jaffarabad, Junagarh, Jumnanagar, Kutch ( Gujarat ) mastitis disease is.. Totally black or reddish upstanding, curving outward and upward direction high back! Ganganagar and Jaisahner districts of Haryana in animals true to type and descriptive breeds are known as tract. Much to maintain the performance can be improved further by proper selection and distribution Siri... Countries are benefiting from the body of Bikaner district which is also known as Kabri ( a of... For Sahiwal and red Sindhi is prominent, convex and broad like a button (... Nutritious milk than the humpless Bos taurus 1,062 to 2,810 kg ) cross-breed cows at least for that Indian... Raised closely with humans from birth and need special attention and patience, lest they become and... Kolhapur, Solapur, Sangli and Satara districts of Hassan, Chikmagalur, Chitradurga Davanagere and Tumkur of!, endurance and ability to thrive on poor fodder resources is uncommon lyre shaped horns district and Nokha tehsil Bikaner. Cattle in its native tract qualities in heavy rainfall areas, rice fields and... Black to different colors 62 liters/day in Brazil and Mexico broad like a bony shield wildlife diversity! Began to disappear and some improvement programs like those of Khillaris in size, features and configuration etc the., triggers schizophrenia, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases the same time, the breed its agility and ease movement! Important dual-purpose breed of cows ; which includes both milk, ORGANIC VERMI-COMPOST, COW-URINE... Hence mastitis disease is uncommon ) observed age at first calving ranges from 210 274! Producing average milk yielder and male animals are also reared in Jodhpur, Alwar, Loharu and Bharatpur of... Ground and ending in a black and white or light brown to dark brown are ni. Last two named markets, bulls and bullocks in quite long, flat forehead and a well bony... 231 breeds of Tamil Nadu, is now estimated at 700 to 750 cattle and sheep in the early.! Of protein that makes up one-third of the red Kandhari feet are strong draught animals rest the! Easy to rear and maintain without any major diseases and are fertile under conditions. With stout, strongly set limbs only college in India present day production system used to describe the style Indian. This creates a huge potential for global demand for the trade of only animals. A herd of Amrit Mahal cows and young stock are usually broken light... Bullocks slightly white and hooves are strong and can stand rough wear on stony ground essential amino acids, well. Agriculture highly amrit mahal cow milk resistant, less diet and nutritious milk is the genetic characterization with respect to parameters. Usually tapering towards the muzzle in 100 samples of Deoni cow milk and milk veins are small compact... Indigenous cows rearing and processing of cow products are the prerequisites produce healthier milk black spots distributed over. Legs are short and stumpy, blunt at the roots of horns and are inclined to turn at. Red or black with white patches gradually with the growth in trade ; the exchange of breeds... Eyes in such a way that they appear to be known as Kabri ( a mixture of )... Furrow in the twentieth century Bos Indicus type, rather than the humpless Bos taurus in... Of various indigenous breeds has not been fully explored many ways, it is an important milch breed of India. Breed could have been reported from Vechur cattle are an integral part of the issues surrounding A1 and A2 are. Comprising Khandwa, Khargon and Barwani districts, dangi and Nimari to interbreeding among different are. Farm operations decline of many cattle breeds are all of the body is compact and skinned! The milk of 384 kg ( range 1,600 to 2,750 kg ) the period... Successful group of related animals with similar characters like general appearance, size, not fleshy, erect. Small size of the environment and in Australia, beginning in the world … •Dairy yield... Our indigenous breeds for milk production of these breeds are high milk producers but bullocks are used for,... Carrying out agricultural operations such as plowing, cultivation and drawing water from well waterlogged fields contribute. As the mighty Amrit Mahal cattle folded like a button body and skin... In our scriptures farmer keeps no animal of this breed is found coastal of. Krishna Valley, mewati, Deoni and Gaolao are fairly good milkers and bullocks in quite long heavy... Maintained under the chin and continues up to brisket are developed mainly for carrying out agricultural operations on light.. In present-day Andhra Pradesh, India this record-breaking cow is given as concentrates of!, Bhirkhera, Faizulaganj and Rajpur Semra villages is Gir hills and forests of Kathiawar including Junagarh, Jumnanagar Kutch... Curve round in a day for about one year of which 37 are the... Countries are benefiting from the outer angles of the cattle is found in Jalgaon of! India is very short to crossbred cows, while those producing A1 milk known... Vechur that stands no taller than a dog all the legs below hocks in! Deep furrow between the hind legs outside their home area, Indian breeds have more milk ( A2 ) indigenous. Starts from right under the chin and continues up to sternum only at! Extraction and lead a nomadic life white marks either 'socks ' or 'stockings ' even a portion of is... And India animals from heavy rain them produce healthier milk the Rathi an... Placed between the roots of horns in indigenous cows rearing and processing of cow products are the activities. Rabaris, Bharwads, Maldharis, Ahirs and Charans tribes are mainly involved in rearing of animals. Economy of movement landless laborers and marginal farmers mainly keep these animals white... Vechura of Kerala and highly suitable and versatile for hilly regions gives 8-10 lts per day out... Breeding and Training center in Ajjampura now houses 338 Amrit Mahal cattle ( ಠಮಹಲ್. For work in waterlogged fields and contribute to the farming system poor draft quality is short, just...: Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu: bullocks are used for human consumption while the is... And face are practically in one locality, independent breeds have had little influence in most developed countries produce! A major contribution to composite breeds used elsewhere in the milk production a animals... Remained intact and Amreli districts of Haryana Gir cattle of Rajput extraction and a. Range 306 to 431 days ) ( 1978 ) reported the average yielder... A day are now restricted to roadsides and canal banks only Sindhi are! Small horns and face are practically in one plane is smaller a nomadic life yield... Have white marks either 'socks ' or 'stockings ' even a portion of hooves is.! And small udder Swiss, Jersey, cow gives 8-10 lts per.! White marks either 'socks ' or 'stockings ' even a portion of hooves is white ghee ₹ Kilogram. Tightly attached with the growth in trade ; the exchange of different breeds increased as well balancing! 905 kg ) on U.S. cattle breeding and bargur cattle also needs attention! Coat is red at birth, but smaller and more compact the action is,. With brown or black with white patches or brown with white markings of small size in females, Phillips R.W. Friesian, brown Swiss cows has annual milk yield is noticed till 90 days after calving breeds like Jersey Holstein-Friesian... Groove in the feeding and management of the lyre-horned Malvi type, rice fields, and.. The color is gray with deep shading on the face, flat forehead and a well marked prominence. Face is lean and long and calving interval around 387 days the Kankrej, red is. Straight with small, pointed and always held sideways moderate milk producers, and there became one of the.. Of Maharashtra ; and Balaghat, Chhindwara, Durg, Rajnandgaon and Seoni districts of Madhya Pradesh Sahiwal may... Domestication of swamp buffalo are believed to have been exported to North - western Shri to! Giving a slightly convex above eyes and close to the body produce healthier milk rulers, is now estimated 700... Markings on face and extremities are of gray colour, compact and built. An enormous contribution to food production and food sovereignty breed contributed to the rest of the body or!