Mar 30, 2019 - Deck Railling Ideas – In my quest to replace the iron railings on our front porch, I fell head over heels for the Union Jack balustrade. Calculate the distance between stair spindles. The handgrips must allow a minimum of 1-1/2” space between the handrail and the guardrail or wall. . stainless-steel screws. What is the reasoning behind this spacing? A span is the unsupported distance between two posts. Our styles including square, face-mount, round & glass balusters all from the best manufacturers in the industry. Step 4 With the standard safety factor of 2.5 used by engineers, that means railing and posts must be designed to resist a 300-pound uniform load or a 500-pound point load. The posts need to be bolted to the deck with approved hardware, not nailed into place. Accurately calculating post spacing before you install your railing will ensure that you will not need to do costly reinstallations later on in your remodeling project. The clearance is tight, but a right-angle drill attachment helps to set them. Also install the stair railing post at the bottom end of the stringer. Copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. The top edge of the handrail must be placed between 34” and 38” above the nosing of the stair treads. By clicking GO!, you acknowledge that you have read Trex's Privacy Policy. Aluminum Post Caps; Stainless Steel & Copper Post Caps; Wood … If you’re using a wood post system, you’ll need a structural post every 8ft with intermediate (non-load-bearing posts) spaced every 4ft between structural posts. Railing posts spacing should never exceed 8 ft for welded and component picket, 6 ft for 5mm and 3/16” glass and 4 ft for Scenic Series railing. Stairs. Determining the spacing of posts is the first step in installing a railing on your deck or porch. Dec 13, 2018 - Deck Railling Ideas – In my quest to replace the iron railings on our front porch, I fell head over heels for the Union Jack balustrade. Saved from learntobuildadeck.info. Terms of use. While a 16-foot-by-16-foot backyard deck for recreational purposes, such as an outdoor kitchen and general lounging, may only require deck posts spaced every 7 feet, a larger deck may require that the spacing … Bolts should be vertically spaced no less than 5-1/8 inch apart. Temporarily position each stair rail board against the stair rail posts at the marks to mark the trimming line at each end of the board. Inspired by the design of the Union Jack flag, this timber-style balustrade emphasizes the flag’s diagonal pattern. Your choices would be 12' o.c., 8' o.c., or 6' o.c. He has previously written for The Spiritual Herald, an urban health care and religious issues newspaper based in New York City, and online music magazine eBurban. Our standard recommendation / specification is 4 foot post spacing, but you can go up to 7 feet if using a Cable Stabilizer in the middle to maintain cable spacing. Deck railing height standards can vary from state to state but typically require a 36″ or 42″ railing. Determine post position based on overall deck dimensions. Railing. Start by determining the number of posts you need and the post spacing. The maximum space between the bottom rail and the surface is 4”. Decks attached to single family detached homes are regulated under the rules of the International Residential Code (IRC). Inspired by the design of the Union Jack flag, this timber-style balustrade emphasizes the flag’s diagonal pattern. If you plan to install railings on multiple sides of the deck, measure the length of each section you wish to rail. To maintain the 4-in. A safety factor of 2.5 is usually added to the testing. These posts should be no farther apart than six feet on the flat deck and no farther apart than 5 1/2 feet on stairs. Composite balusters never touch the deck and are held in place four inches or less from the top of the deck’s surface. deck with a view image by Bruce Shippee from Fotolia.com. Sometimes local building codes will have more stringent regulations, so check your local building department for post spacing requirements. Discover (and save!) Measure the distance between the corner posts of your deck with a measuring tape. The same gap is allowed between the decorative elements of the deck railing. The tests include: Infill Load Test: The strength of the balusters are tested so that a one-square foot area must resist 125 lbs of force. Home Decor. Flat 2x4 and 2x6 handrails are not acceptable. Maximum cantilever of a 2X8 is 24” at 16” o.c. Divide the length of your railing to create sections of equal lengths between five and seven feet; the thicker your railing posts, the longer you can make the subsections. Measure the distance between posts at two corners and divide by the distance allowed between posts. Deck railing posts have a maximum spacing of 6-feet for 4×4 posts and 8-feet for 6x6s but the railing will be stronger if the posts are closer together. Browse DecksDirect.com's massive online selection of deck balusters. Deck railings must meet building codes to pass inspection. Rail posts (also referred to as Guard Posts) are generally spaced evenly between straight sections of deck. Stair railing post spacing in Ontario. Mark the angle for trimming each stair rail. Such calculators allow you to calculate the spacing of your posts using the width of the posts, the length of the area to rail and the size of the balustrades. A variety of styles are allowed as long as the interior sections of the rail don’t possess any openings large enough to pass a 4” diameter sphere through. Maximum spacing of posts is 72 inches on center. Deck Railing Systems. spacing between the cap rail and the railing section below, fasten 2×4 blocks with 2-1⁄2-in. The guardrails must be strong enough to withstand a concentrated 200 lb force anywhere along the top of the rail. Handrails are required for stairs and must meet standards as specified by R311.5.6.3 in the IRC code. For a composite railing system, slide the post sleeve over the wood post, then the post sleeve skirt over the post sleeve; both should rest on the decking. Deck railing height should be a minimum of 36” for any platform elevated to 30” and more from the surface. your own Pins on Pinterest. Upgrade your deck railing today, in-stock and ready to ship out to you! To ensure your system performs as well as designed, be sure to space structural posts 4ft apart center-to-center. Building Code Deck Railing Post Spacing Requirements According to the International Building Code, deck railing posts should be spaced no further than 6 feet apart. On the flipside, a post will touch the deck every time … The 12' I would think would be too far, so the choice would be 6' or 8'. All decks higher than 30" above grade must have a guardrail. For argument sake let's say the deck is 24' long. Such calculators allow you to calculate the spacing of your posts using the width of the posts, the length of the area to rail and the size of the balustrades. Each post must be able to withstand a minimum of 200-pounds of force against the top from any direction. These deck railing height diagrams are a great reference for your design and building portfolio. Concentrated Load Test: The top rail must be capable of holding a point load of 200 lbs of force applied to the mid span, on the side of a post and on top of a post. Deck Railing Systems Deck Railing Design Patio Railing Deck Design Deck Railing Ideas Diy Patio Stairs Fence Ideas Small Deck Ideas On A Budget Deck Decorating Ideas On A Budget This tool will save you time and show you how far apart to set your balusters from each other and from each post so the balusters appear perfectly balanced in each of your railing sections. Shop Sale Railing ; Deck Post Caps. Post Spacing Guidelines Space posts no more than six feet apart or follow your local code requirements. That’s how many railings you’ll need, then simply space them evenly between corners and your home. Minimum stair railing height has to be 34” from the top rail to the nosing. Give one of our expert deck specialists a call at 1-888-824-5316 and check out the helpful deck railing guides and videos below! While a spindle or baluster can touch the deck, they often have a bottom railing to hold them in place. by Bob (Kemptville, Ontario, Canada) I am just finishing up the railing on my deck. Accurately calculating post spacing before you install your railing will ensure that you will not need to do costly reinstallations later on in your remodelling project. Copyright © 2021 Trex Company, Inc. All rights reserved. They include the actual height of the rail above the deck, the height above grade when a guardrail is required and important baluster spacing dimensions.. We have also created separate illustrations for residential guards for the USA and Canada - depending on where you live. When using fascia mounted railings around the deck, it is recommended that you also use fascia mounted rails on the stairs. A circular cross section of a handrail must have an outside diameter of between 1-1/4” and 2”. Determining the spacing of posts is the first step in installing a railing on your deck or porch. If you choose to install a guardrail on a deck lower than 30", you must still meet code requirements. Railing spacing ultimately determines the spacing of the pickets or balusters you will install; it plays an essential role in ensuring the structural integrity of the railing. Written on: July 14, 2020. deck with a view image by Bruce Shippee from Fotolia.com. Screw the center blocks. Zamboni has a Bachelor of Arts in religious studies from Wesleyan University. In the case of guardrails for stairs, there is an exception that allows up to a 6” diameter sphere through the triangle opening formed by the stair riser, stairtread and bottom rail. The sweep space between the deck surface and the bottom rail must be less than 4". Deck Railing Post Spacing. What Is the Distance Between Fence Posts? Dec 13, 2018 - Deck Railling Ideas – In my quest to replace the iron railings on our front porch, I fell head over heels for the Union Jack balustrade. Railing spacing ultimately determines the spacing of the pickets or balusters you will install; it plays an essential role in ensuring the structural integrity of the railing. How to Calculate Railing Post Spacing. Inspired by the design of the Union Jack flag, this timber-style balustrade emphasizes the flag’s diagonal pattern. Determining the spacing of posts is the first step in installing a railing on your deck or porch. Determining the spacing of posts is the first step in installing a railing on your deck or porch. I have a 42" high wood railing with 2x4 bottom rail 3.5" off deck with wood 2x2's attached to outside of 2x4. These tests are performed by an accredited third-party testing agency. Deck Railing Guide ; Deck Railing Style Guide ; How to Measure Your Deck for Railing Video ; Deck Railing Image Galleries ; Sale & Closeout. Metal Fence Post Caps. Handrails are required for stairs and must meet standards as specified by R311.5.6.3 in the IRC code. A “cantilever” is the unsupported end of a joist that extends past the last support post at the edge of your deck. Since you'll want the posts equally spaced, do the math and see if there's a logical figure. The IBC requires 42" high guardrails. Drill two 1/4 inch holes through the base of each of your posts using a drill, then attach the posts to the deck with bolts or screws using a screwdriver. Uniform Load Test: The top rail must be able to sustain 125 lbs of force applied horizontally or vertically. If your deck does not have an easily divisible length, use an online spacing calculator (see the link in the Resources section for an example). In either case, you are allowed to build taller guardrails as long as they conform to all other requirements stated in the code. The size of the deck directly affects the spacing of the support posts. The IRC requires guardrails to be at least 36" in height, measured from the deck surface to the top of the rail. Learn how to build and install deck railings in our comprehensive video. Deck Railing Systems. You’ll always need corner posts, so install these first then measure the distance between them, divide by six and round up. Make a space between the post and the deck rail post no wider than the spacing between balusters. The sweep space between the deck surface and the bottom rail must be less than 4". The main concern is a push outward from people leaning against the railing. Center a post on each of these marks, and mark the deck on each side of the post. Handrail ends must be returned and terminated at rail posts. Can I put my railing posts on after I build my deck? Building code suggests that rail post span should not exceed 72" (1829 mm) - measured from the center of each post. A variety of gripping surfaces may be acceptable but must meet requirements for the gripping surface. Engineered railing systems must be tested to meet IRC and IBC building codes. Explore. Mark the placement of the posts on the deck. Jon Zamboni began writing professionally in 2010. Written by: Jon Zamboni. Maximum joist span of a 2X8 is 10’ – 6” at 16” o.c. And a top rail 2x4 with a 2x4 top plate to cap it off. The farther apart your posts are spaced, the more cable deflection will occur and this can cause unsafe conditions. Plan on having posts by the house, posts at outside corners — two at each corner — plus posts at the top of the stairs. In California, deck railings are required to be a minimum of 42″ tall measured from the deck surface to the top of the guardrail. Deck Railing. 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